We know that global warming is an event where gases, mainly composed of carbon dioxides, traps the heat that was supposed to escape Earth’s atmosphere towards the space. We all know that we use fossil fuels that emit carbon, add to it the destruction of forests to create plantations and pastures, carbon continuously accumulates, increasing the greenhouse effect, which is the primary cause of global warming.
Scientists have spent decades finding out the causes of global warming, they found that natural events and cycles has an effect to this. However, the staggering amount of carbon dioxide emission produced by humans, yes, that’s us, is the main reason of the climactic global warming effect that we can feel right now and it could have a cataclysmic impact not only to us, but the Earth itself.
The Sun Could Be the Cause
Is it really the sun? There’s a valid point on this one because after all, the Sun is the most powerful emitter of heat in our solar system. But scientists measured and found out that there’s very slight difference to the massive energy output that the sun produces, so little that it’s really insignificant. Upon further and more research, only human works are found to be the main cause.
Fossil Fuel Burning
This is one of the major causes of global warming all around the world. Every day, billions of vehicles use fossil fuels, which greatly contributes to the global warming. It’s also used to generate electricity in most parts of the world. When oil, gas and/or coal burns, the result is their carbon content gets mixed in the oxygen present in the air creating carbon dioxide. And with the continuous 24/7 nonstop emission of this all around the world, our situation only worsens.
When we cut plants and trees, we reduce the carbon dioxide absorbers. Let us not forget elementary science that plants and trees absorb carbon dioxide and releases oxygen in return to balance the atmosphere and make it better suited for living organisms. We all know that this process is called photosynthesis. In addition to reducing carbon dioxide absorbers, the stored carbons in them are converted back to carbon dioxide when they’re burnt or removed.
Many parts of the world don’t have proper disposal of wastes. This includes chemical organic and consumer wastes, which could be deadly not only for our atmosphere but also to the environment and wildlife. When garbage like paper, food and vegetables decay in landfills, carbon dioxide and methane are produced. This also happens in sewers.
Most industrial processes induce a variety of greenhouse gases, which further contributes to the greenhouse effects that’s causing global warming. Also, chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), which are synthetic compounds that are largely used in a number of applications, damage the ozone layer aside from being part of the greenhouse gas family.
Global warming is a serious phenomenon that could bring cataclysmic effects to the Earth’s climate, no, not in the form of scorching heat but in the form of climate change. It’s the cumulative effect of greenhouse gases, which are composed of carbon dioxide and methane. Basically, they trap heat inside Earth’s atmosphere, which normally goes out into the space. This results to, obviously, warmer temperature on Earth’s surface.
As I have said earlier, global warming isn’t all about the increase in Earth’s temperature. It’s all about climate change, the changes that happens not only in temperature but also in the environment, atmosphere and climate as a whole. But what are they specifically? Let’s take a look.
Weather patterns are greatly affected by global warming. Higher temperatures can increase drought and forest fires leading to the devastation of flora and fauna. It could also induce more category 4 and 5 hurricanes, which could wipe anything on their wake.
Because the weather is heavily affected, climate became very unstable, causing chaotic disruption in weather systems all over the world. Deadly heat waves caused massive deaths in Europe particularly the 2003 European heat wave that killed 70,000 individuals. In addition to that, warmer weather allows deadly mosquitoes to travel easily in great distances bringing harmful diseases to us. Plus, the increased carbon dioxide in the air aggravates asthma as well as allergies. And because global warming affects weather, disastrous typhoons and could affect sanitation, kill people and more
Wildlife Shall Shatter
Because wild fires will become a prominent event in Global warming, expect that many wild animals will be affected. Many creatures will lose home and others will get extinct. Rising temperatures will ravage coral reefs, which is the primary shelter of most fish. Without coral reefs, many kinds of fish will vanish on a certain spot, disrupting the ecosystem. This great effect on the state of ecosystem will push many species to get extinct, especially those who won’t be able to adapt to the climate change. It’s predicted that more than a million species could get exterminated if the pattern of global warming continues until 2050.
Melting of Glaciers and the Sea Levels
Within the past century, studies have revealed that polar ice caps have been declining in size. And this contributes to the rise of sea levels. There’s also a study that revealed where there will be no ice on the arctic summers on 2040 and sea levels will rise up to 23 inches by 2100 if current global warming trend continues. This could have a disastrous result on coastal wetlands, barrier islands and places lower than sea level. Some islands could even be obliterated from the map if this continues.
There are still hundreds of effects that Global warming could have to us. These are just some of the biggest and most disastrous effects that we are facing and could face if we don’t make a move to stop this disastrous trend.